A subsidiary is a company that is owned partially or fully by other company.


A Security is used to describe a tradable asset of any kind and generally represents an interest of equity in a company. Stock, membership units, and convertible notes are all forms of a security.

Securities Exchange Act of 1934

The Securities Exchange Act of 1934 regulates the sale of securities on secondary markets. The Act created the SEC and tasked it with regulating the securities markets. In order to protect investors and to provide transparency, stock exchange markets, brokerage […]

Securities Exchange Act of 1933

The Securities Act of 1933 was the first federal legislation regarding the registration of the sale of securities. The Act’s extensive registration and disclosure requirements allow potential investors to have all relevant information needed to make informed investments.

Super Majority

A Super Majority is a designated percentage (usually 67%) required to take certain actions – usually major decisions like selling the company.

Subordinated Debt

Subordinated Debt is debt that ranks lower in priority than another particular debt if a company falls into bankruptcy or has to liquidate. You may also see it referred to as “junior debt,” a “junior security,” or a “subordinated loan.”

Stockholders’ Consent

Stockholders’ Consent is when some corporate actions such as the sale of the company require the stockholders to consent to the company taking such action.


A Stockholder is the same thing as a “shareholder,” or the owner of stock (a.k.a shares) of a corporation. Stockholders can be individuals or entities.

Stock Split

A Stock Split is when a company divides its shares into additional shares. The total value of the shares remains the same, but each shareholder will own two or three times more shares.

Stock Purchase Agreement (M&A)

A Stock Purchase Agreement is a purchase agreement for the sale of stock of a corporation to a buyer.